Superficial Musculo- Aponeurotic System - An Overview

There are lots of sorts of surgical lip lifts. The most well-liked one is definitely the bullhorn or subnasal lip raise. This technique shortens the gap concerning the lip along with the nose by excising a strip of skin under the nose via an incision that resembles a bull’s horns. The highest lip is rolled out and elevated causing a wider smile and enhanced tooth show. Before, the bullhorn lift had two principal negatives: scarring and altering The bottom of the nose.

are localized collection of Fats present deep to your superficial layer of fascia. These are generally different anatomically and histologically through the subcutaneous Unwanted fat existing concerning the skin along with the superficial fascia. These Body fat pads consist of the superficial temporal fat pad, the galeal Excess fat pad, suborbicularis oculi fat pad (SOOF), the retro-orbicularis oculi Excess fat pad (ROOF), and also the preseptal fat of your eyelids.

.22,23 This ligament serves to anchor the orbicularis oculi muscle into the orbital rims. The orbicularis oculi muscle attaches directly to the bone through the anterior lacrimal crest to the level with the medial limbus. At this level the ORL replaces the bony origin on the muscle, continuing laterally around the orbit. In the beginning quick, it reaches its greatest length centrally close to the lateral limbus.24 It then begins to diminish in size laterally, until finally it at last blends Together with the lateral orbital thickening (Great deal).

The deep-plane facelift requires minimal dissection underneath the skin, preserving the lymphatics and minimising swelling. In the course of the Procedure the surgeon dissects down below the SMAS layer, releasing it in the underlying muscles wholly.

Through most facial plastic surgical procedures, no matter if congenital, reconstructive or aesthetic, you will find a number of branches in the facial nerve which have been at risk for damage. While there is abundant literature within the anatomy with the facial nerve branches, nearly all of publications explain two-dimensional anatomy, depicting the trajectory from the nerve and its area anatomy in relation to anatomic landpoints (see Fig. one.three).nine,16,42–forty nine Nonetheless, it's the 3rd dimension, the depth from the facial nerve in relation for the layers of the encounter that is definitely most related on the training surgeon.

. in three hundred cadaver dissections described the nerve is in a region minimal by two straight diverging strains; the initial line from the higher tragus border to one of the most cephalic wrinkle of the frontal area, and the next line within the reduce tragus border to by far the most caudal wrinkle of your frontal location.45 While there is no connection in between the frontal nerve along with other branches of your facial nerve, there are connections within the frontal branches themselves.

Oblique ligaments symbolize a coalescence in between the superficial and deep fascia, and include the parotid plus the masseteric cutaneus ligaments (

Aesthetic and reconstructive operation of The pinnacle and neck will depend on appreciating the a few-dimensional anatomy and also the practical and cosmetic methods of rearranging the several constructions. This chapter is not really meant to be an in depth description of the head and neck anatomy, which can be over and above this kind of limited Area.

“The SMAS layer from the face separates the further facial structures, facial motion muscles, nerves and various constructions that are not as influenced through the ageing procedure given that the smooth tissue in the face,” points out Dr Neil A.

Pitanguy’s line is definitely an precise description of the study course of the largest and even more major department from the temporal division on the facial nerve.

The Good deal is often a condensation of your superficial and deep fascia on the frontal process of the zygoma as well as the adjacent deep temporal fascia. The ORL along with the orbital septum both equally connect to the arcus marginalis, a thickening of the periosteum from the orbital rims.23 The ORL is also known as the more info periorbital septum and, in its inferior portion, as the orbitomalar ligament. The ORL ligament attaches on the undersurface on the orbicularis oculi muscle mass at the junction of the pretarsal and orbital parts.

The buccal Excess fat pad is an underappreciated Consider post traumatic facial deformities and senile growing older, and is usually neglected as a flap or graft donor internet site.34,35 Senile laxity of the fascia makes it possible for the fat to prolapse laterally, contributing on the sq. look on the face.36 With several traumatic accidents the Fats herniates, either superficially, in direction of the oral mucosa, or maybe into the maxillary sinus.

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The nerve passes forwards and downwards to pierce the parotid gland. During the parotid gland the nerve divides into the zygomaticotemporal and the cervicofacial divisions, which in turn divide HIFU into the 5 terminal branches from the facial nerve: frontal, zygomatic, buccal, marginal mandibular, and cervical (

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